The Russian (Tsarist) army occupied Iranian Azerbaijan in 1909 and again in 1912–1914 and 1915–1918, followed by Ottoman forces in 1914–1915 and 1918–1919; Bolshevik forces occupied Iranian Azerbaijan and other parts of Iran in 1920–1921,[permanent dead link] and Soviet forces occupied Iranian Azerbaijan in 1941, creating a very short-lived autonomous, Soviet-supported state from November 1945 to November 1946, which was dissolved after the reunification of Iranian Azerbaijan with Iran in November of the same year. Tabriz Metro being built in the Tabriz City since 2001. Following military defeats at the hands of the Russian Empire, Qajar Persia ceded all of its territories in the North Caucasus and Transcaucasia to Russia via the Treaty of Gulistan of 1813 and the Treaty of Turkmenchay of 1828. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login).  In the span of the 17th century, 18th and 19th century, Fizuli's unique genres as well Ashik poetry were taken up by prominent poets and writers such as Qovsi Tabrizi, Shah Abbas Sani, Khasta Qasim, Mirza Fatali Akhundov, Seyid Abulgasim Nabati, Ali Mojuz and others. Coarse carpets and rugs are woven, and metalware is produced on a small scale. The region was overrun by the Mongols in the 13th century, and, under the ruler Hülegü, Azerbaijan became the centre of a Mongol empire extending from Syria on the west to the Oxus River (now Amu Darya) on the east. Atropates name is believed to be derived from the Old Persian roots meaning "protected by fire. The earliest evidence of human settlement in the territory of Azerbaijan dates back to the late Stone Age and is related to the Guruchay culture of Azokh Cave. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Heraclius, the Byzantine emperor, briefly held the region in the 7th century until peace was made with the Sassanids. As Iran was unwilling to allow the Russians to gain possession over its Caucasian territories in the North Caucasus and South Caucasus, the millennia-old ancient ties between Iran and the Caucasus region were only severed by the superior Russian force of Russia through these 19th-century wars. The area returned to Persian (Iranian) rule under the Sāsānians in the 3rd century ce. Azerbaijan or Azarbaijan (Persian: آذربایجان, Āzarbāijān [ɒːzæɾbɒːjˈdʒɒːn]; Azerbaijani: آذربایجان, Āzerbāyjān [ɑːzæɾbɑjˈdʒɑn]), also known as Iranian Azerbaijan, is a historical region in northwestern Iran that borders Iraq, Turkey, the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, Armenia, and the Republic of Azerbaijan. The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Volume XI (Brill Publishers, Leiden, 2002). The railway started from Jolfa, a city on the border of Iran and the modern Republic of Azerbaijan.
"Azari: The Iranian Language of Azerbaijan" in Encyclopedia Iranica by E. YarshaterArchived 21 June 2009 at the. The History of Aturpatakan. It was the chief province from which the various Iranian empires would control their Caucasian provinces, all the way up to Dagestan in the early 19th century. Omissions? Iranian Azerbaijan is generally considered the north-west portion of Iran comprising the provinces of East Azerbaijan, West Azerbaijan, and Ardabil,. According to Encyclopædia Britannica, the Medes were an: Indo-European people, related to the Persians, who entered northeastern Iran probably as early as the 17th century BC and settled in the plateau land that came to be known as Media..
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