byzantine empire map labeled
More Germans came and eventually Italy and Rome was lost again. Duchy of Carinthia-1000 AD.svg 565 × … Most of the provinces which had not been completely overrun by Arabs and Slavs had become war zones, with enemy forces penetrating deep into Byzantine territory, on several occasions to the walls of Constantinople itself.
In the 9th and 10th centuries, a succession of vigorous Byzantine emperors consolidated their control over their existing provinces and expanded their borders on all sides. Its capital was Constantinople, which today is in Turkey and is now called Istanbul.
The word “Byzantine” comes from the name of the ancient Greek city of Byzantium; it was this that the Roman emperor Constantine (reigned 324-37) expanded and remodelled as his new capital. They kept a lot of knowledge for us to read about today. We have them to thank for much of our knowledge of Ancient Greek literature, science and thought.
They made several inventions, such as flamethrower and "Greek fire," a kind of napalm. The Seljuk Empire took all of Turkey from the Byzantines by 1091. The fact that a defining feature of Byzantine civilization was that it was shot through with Christian belief did not prevent the Byzantine intelligentsia, made up mostly of monks, clergy and officials, of making a concerted effort to preserve the Classical civilization of the Romans and Greeks. Of their European territories, the Romans were left with their capital, Constantinople, and its surrounding territory, plus some pockets around in Greece. However, Basil II's attacks won many more victories. There were many great cities which housed an intact civilization – albeit one that was increasingly moving away from its Classical roots. They preserved many Roman political traditions that had been lost by Western Europe.
3. Labeled black arrows with reference to maps 37 and 126 will mark barbarian invasions in Frame 2, but the green base will not change until Frame 3. This Eastern empire had a smaller territory than the original Roman Empire. The displacement of Latin had an important effect on religion and culture. c) During this time (in 627 A.D.) the Roman [or east Roman AKA Byzantium] Empire began to campaign against Persia. This was largely the work of Byzantine missionaries. However, another Empire, known as the Persian or Sassanid Empire, tried to take these lands for itself. As a result of Cyril and Methodius’s work, and of many other Byzantine missionaries, the Bulgarians, Romanians, Serbs, and most notably Russia, were converted to Byzantine (Orthodox) Christianity.
They translated parts of the Bible into Slavic, in the process developing the first Slavic alphabet (later known as the Cyrillic alphabet; it is largely based on Greek-style letters).
The Byzantines were economically damaged by the battles with the Persians. It was increasingly Christian rather than pagan, and Greek rather than Latin in language and culture. 4. All of Anatolia was lost by 1331. In the east, the Arabs once again became a threat to the Empire.
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