herodotus histories translation
 Herodotus's explanation that an event "was going to happen" maps well on to Aristotelean and Homeric means of expression. , It is clear from the beginning of Book 1 of the Histories that Herodotus utilizes (or at least claims to utilize) various sources in his narrative. Research suggests that Herodotus probably did not know any Persian (or any other language except his native Greek) and was forced to rely on many local translators when travelling in the vast multilingual Persian Empire. According to Eusebius and Plutarch, Herodotus was granted a financial reward by the Athenian assembly in recognition of his work. Many scholars, ancient and modern (such as Strabo, A. H. L. Heeren, etc. Diop argues that Herodotus "always distinguishes carefully between what he has seen and what he has been told." Enter a Perseus citation to go to another section or work. At the beginning of The Histories, Herodotus sets out his reasons for writing it: Owing to this brief mention, which is included almost as an afterthought, it has been argued that Africa was circumnavigated by ancient seafarers, for this is precisely where the sun ought to have been. His name is not mentioned later in the tribute list of the Athenian Delian League, indicating that there might well have been a successful uprising against him sometime before 454 BC. This points forward to the "folksy" yet "international" outlook typical of Herodotus. The idea was to criticize previous arguments on a topic and emphatically and enthusiastically insert their own in order to win over the audience. Some "calumnious fictions" were written about Herodotus in a work titled On the Malice of Herodotus by Plutarch, a Chaeronean by birth, (or it might have been a Pseudo-Plutarch, in this case "a great collector of slanders"), including the allegation that the historian was prejudiced against Thebes because the authorities there had denied him permission to set up a school.  According to a very different account by an ancient grammarian, Herodotus refused to begin reading his work at the festival of Olympia until some clouds offered him a bit of shade – by which time the assembly had dispersed. Possibly he died in Macedonia instead, after obtaining the patronage of the court there; or else he died back in Thurium. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts.
In a nut shell Herodotus writes about the causes of the … According to the Suda, Herodotus learned the Ionian dialect as a boy living on the island of Samos, to which he had fled with his family from the oppressions of Lygdamis, tyrant of Halicarnassus and grandson of Artemisia.
Full search He is widely considered to have been the first writer to have treated historical subjects using a method of systematic investigation—specifically, by collecting his materials and then critically arranging them into an historiographic narrative. Thoroughly readable, better translated than Landmark (according to my Greek teacher who may be partial as she provided the intro and notes for the Oxford), and featuring copious notes and commentary to increase fluency. For Aubin, Herodotus was "the author of the first important narrative history of the world. I'm still on the fence — mostly because it's a very expensive (albeit beautiful), book. Athens was also the place where he came to know the local topography (VI, 137; VIII, 52–55), as well as leading citizens such as the Alcmaeonids, a clan whose history features frequently in his writing. Of these, only fragments of Hecataeus's works survived, and the authenticity of these is debatable, but they provide a glimpse into the kind of tradition within which Herodotus wrote his own Histories. Intimate knowledge of some events in the first years of the Peloponnesian War (VI, 91; VII, 133, 233; IX, 73) indicate that he might have returned to Athens, in which case it is possible that he died there during an outbreak of the plague. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.  However, Herodotus at times arbitrates between varying accounts: "I am not going to say that these events happened one way or the other.  Cicero (On the Laws I.5) said that his works were full of legends or "fables". Herodotus observed prophetically to the boy's father, "Your son's soul yearns for knowledge. For example, in Book 1 he mentions both the Phoenician and the Persian accounts of Io. While Herodotus is certainly concerned with giving accurate accounts of events, this does not preclude for him the insertion of powerful mythological elements into his narrative, elements which will aid him in expressing the truth of matters under his study. options are on the right side and top of the page. The aim of the translator has been above all things faithfulness—faithfulness to the manner of expression and to the structure of sentences, as well as to the meaning of the Author. The Kindle presents ten or twelve lines of Greek (depending on font size, of course) on the top half of each page, with the English version of the same passage usefully located on the lower half of the same page.
, His debt to previous authors of prose "histories" might be questionable, but there is no doubt that Herodotus owed much to the example and inspiration of poets and story-tellers. The idea of "it was going to happen" reveals a "tragic discovery" associated with fifth-century drama. Thanks!  The controversy was also commented on by Aristotle, Flavius Josephus and Plutarch. I am in an ancient Mediterranean history class and I am looking for a good copy of the Histories by Herodotus.  In spite of these lines of criticism, Herodotus' works were in general kept in high esteem and regarded as reliable by many.  In particular, it is possible that he copied descriptions of the crocodile, hippopotamus, and phoenix from Hecataeus's Circumnavigation of the Known World (Periegesis / Periodos ges), even misrepresenting the source as "Heliopolitans" (Histories 2.73).  Herodotus is variously considered "father of comparative anthropology," "the father of ethnography," and "more modern than any other ancient historian in his approach to the ideal of total history.". This is a somewhat more serious subreddit compared to many others. Herodotus did not claim to have personally seen the creatures which he described.
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