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platinum facts

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Apart from that, it is also used in smaller quantities for electronics, chemical industry, and certain other applications. However, due to its sturdy and resistant physical features, the metal could not be produced until the 1900s. Source: Platinum is an extremely rare metal and can be found uncombined in alluvial deposits often accompanied by small amounts of other platinum family metals. The metal is also used to make electrodes sealed in glass (as its thermal coefficient of expansion is almost equal to that of glass). Platinum is one of the densest metals on Earth, coming in at approximately 12.4 ounces per cubic inch, nearly eight times the density of water. ♣ Coronation crown apart, world famous diamonds like the Kohinoor, Hope and Jonker I are all set in platinum too. ♣ The quantity of platinum mined each year is close to roughly 200 tons, which in comparison to approximately 1,800 tons of gold is practically nothing. It could have well been detected before 700 BC, since there is proof of existence of the metal since then, or even some years before that. Anyway, what we are dealing with today is platinum, so let’s take a more specific look at that alone, through some interesting platinum facts. ♣ In fact, this is one metal that is so sought after, even some of the most popular jewelers such as Tiffany, Cartier, and Faberge have created some of their classic pieces in Platinum. ♣ Once extracted from the earth, process takes up to 2 months, at least, to refine platinum. Show more, including: Heats, Energies, Oxidation. When they first spotted it, it was mistaken for being little bits of silver or even gold that hadn’t yet matured, and that irrespective of what it was, it most certainly wasn’t worth very much. Platinum dissolves in aqua regia (mixture of nitric acid and hydrochloric acid in the ratio 1:3) forming chloroplatinic acid (H2PtCl6). ♣ In terms of popularity what is also interesting is that close to 90% of the world’s platinum jewelry is bought by Japanese customers. While this is still quite hefty, it does not compare to the production of other metals. While platinum can become scratched, it does not scratch the same as gold—it doesn’t lose physical attributes due to tarnishing. Platinum is a chemical element on the periodic table. ♣ With regard to occurrence, platinum is greatly found in parts of South Africa, Russia, and USA, thus making these countries amongst the greatest producers of the metal too. Nearly 50% of all platinum metal unearthed from mines and purified each year is used for industrial application purposes, particularly for the production of catalytic converters—the component in your vehicle which helps filter/control harmful chemical emissions into the atmosphere. A precious metal of a silvery-white color, this is also one of the more malleable metals that there are. Most women have seen and loved platinum jewelry, but do you know much about this highly adored metal? The Platinum Group Metals In 1783 French chemist Francois Chabaneaus discovered and patented a method of producing workable platinum. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Platinum is also produced commercially as a by-product of nickel refining from copper-nickel ores. Platinum is used in jewelry, decoration and dental work. The most important use of platinum is in vehicles, as a catalytic converter, facilitating the complete combustion of unburned hydrocarbon passing through the exhaust. Platinum metal is known for both its market value, rarity, and natural sheen, but what are some significant facts about platinum metal you might know nothing about? Both our moon and meteorites we’ve recovered contain more platinum than Earth. Platinum is malleable and ductile and has a high melting point. A good look at it though, is enough to prove the qualities that this metal comes with. In the course of his studies on platinum ores he also discovered the metals osmium, iridium, rhodium and palladium – the elements which had made Chabaneaus’ work so frustrating. How about a look at some interesting platinum facts right now. Even so, it must have been discovered way back, especially since the first ever mention of this metal was in the writing of Julius Caesar Scaliger sometime around 1557. What’s given above is a short list about a few interesting platinum facts. What’s more, it is a pure metal and jewelry made of platinum contains anything from 90-95% of the metal. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Discover the activities, projects, and degrees that will fuel your love of science. 1. Platinum will not naturally oxidize in the air, but it may corrode when coming into contact with cyanides, halogens, and sulfur. While platinum can be found naturally in mines, it can be physically produced when nickel is refined from both copper and nickel ores. For online linking, please copy and paste one of the following: To cite this page in an academic document, please use the following MLA compliant citation: this website really helped me with my science project, Actinium – Aluminum – Americium – Antimony – Argon – Arsenic – Astatine, Barium – Berkelium – Beryllium – Bismuth – Bohrium – Boron – Bromine, Cadmium – Calcium – Californium – Carbon – Cerium – Cesium – Chlorine – Chromium – Cobalt – Copernicium – Copper – Curium, Darmstadtium – Dubnium – Dysprosium – Einsteinium – Erbium – Europium, Fermium – Flerovium – Fluorine – Francium – Gadolinium – Gallium – Germanium – Gold, Hafnium – Hassium – Helium – Holmium – Hydrogen – Indium – Iodine – Iridium – Iron, Krypton – Lanthanum – Lawrencium – Lead – Lithium – Livermorium – Lutetium, Magnesium – Manganese – Meitnerium – Mendelevium – Mercury – Molybdenum – Moscovium, Neodymium – Neon – Neptunium – Nickel – Nihonium – Niobium – Nitrogen – Nobelium – Oganesson – Osmium – Oxygen, Palladium – Phosphorus – Platinum – Plutonium – Polonium – Potassium – Praseodymium – Promethium – Protactinium, Radium – Radon – Rhenium – Rhodium – Roentgenium – Rubidium – Ruthenium – Rutherfordium, Samarium – Scandium – Seaborgium – Selenium – Silicon – Silver – Sodium – Strontium – Sulfur, Tantalum – Technetium – Tellurium – Tennessine – Terbium – Thallium – Thorium – Thulium – Tin – Titanium – Tungsten, Uranium – Vanadium – Xenon – Ytterbium – Yttrium – Zinc – Zirconium, Copyright © 2020 chemicool.com The metal and its alloys are also used for electrical contacts, fine resistance wires and medical / laboratory instruments. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. We hope you are enjoying ScienceStruck! Platinum is widely used as a catalyst for chemical reactions. ♣ The reason that platinum acts as an increasingly popular choice for jewelry despite its price is that it is tarnish resistant, thus making it a long-lasting choice amongst the available metals. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. ♣ Also, of all the platinum that is normally sold, major consumption is for that of vehicle emission control devices or catalytic converters, followed by its use for jewelry. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. Platinum acts as a catalyst for the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Platinum was discovered by South American peoples who produced artifacts of a white gold-platinum alloy. ♣ Apart from reasons pertaining to the aesthetics of the metal, platinum also makes for a great investment since it is a major contributing factor to worldwide economic growth. Potassium, usually found dissolved in seawater or plant cells, is extremely important for the normal functioning of the human body. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. ♣ It takes 10 tons of raw mineral, in order to be able to produce one pure ounce of platinum. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. For both this and its resistance to corrosion, platinum metals are especially sought-after by jewelry makers. This metal came across as such an intriguing one that, it was in fact spoken of as a noble metal that nothing had been able to liquefy until then. ♣ Besides being a great option for jewelry, the versatility of this metal also allows for it to be a great option for industrial and environmental purposes too. These facts will show you just how rare, useful, and amazing this precious metal really is! Need facts and more about the same? Naturally occurring platinum is a mixture of six isotopes and they are found in the percentages shown: 190Pt (0.01%), 192Pt (0.78%), 194Pt (33.0%), 195Pt (33.8%), 196Pt (25.2%) and 198Pt (7.2%). Platinum is a dense precious metal with a silvery white color that is both ductile and malleable. With regard to location of its findings, it is said to have been found in South America by some pre-Columbian South Americans. That was a brief look at the history and some properties of this absolutely priceless metal, but now, moving on to some other facts about it. It was discovered by South American peoples. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. English chemist William H Wollaston developed a commercial process for producing pure platinum in the early 19th century. ♣ Platinum is essentially made up of 6 isotopes (5 stable isotopes and 1 radioisotope), and is said to have been discovered by astronomers Antonio de Ulloa and Don Jorge Juan y Santacilia in 1735 (although this is constantly being debated). Given how precious a metal it is, it also makes for some of the most expensive jewelry that there is to find. 6, 5, 4, 3 , 2, 1, -1, -2 (mildly basic oxide). Chemistry Dictionary | Birth of the Elements | Tools | Periodic Table | Citing Chemicool | About | Privacy | Contact. These cookies do not store any personal information. ♣ Interestingly, platinum which a rare metal on the earth is found in large quantities on the Moon and the meteorites. If you happen to be one of those people whose craving for knowledge is always on rise, this compilation of interesting facts about science is meant for you. The first written account of platinum was from Julius C Scaliger in 1557. Read further…. ♣ This metal makes up for part of a group of metals known as Platinum Group Metals. The element name comes from the Spanish word ‘platina’ meaning little silver. A few things that depend on platinum are anti-cancer drugs, fertilizers, pacemakers, explosives, etc. A p-block member of the periodic table, neon is much more than the gas used in signs. However the quality of the metal was still very inconsistent from batch to batch – unknown to him, there were impurities of, as then, undiscovered metals. A major source of platinum is the ore sperrylite (PtAs2). Platinum is a precious metal; soft, silvery-white, and dense with a beautiful lustrous sheen. In comparison, the density for gold is 19.32 g/cm-3, while silver is 10.49 g/cm-3. Since platinum is acting as a catalyst, it is not consumed in the reaction. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. He describes it as a strange metal found in mines between Panama and Mexico and wrote that no fire or any of the Spanish arts could melt it. It is also corroded by halogens, cyanides, sulfur, and caustic alkalis. This group essentially consists of Platinum, Palladium, Rhodium, Ruthenium, Iridium and Osmium. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there!

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